Prostate Enlargement (BPH): Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

February 10, 2023

When it comes to aging, prostate enlargement or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common problem for men. This walnut-sized gland below the bladder and surrounding the urethra is vital for a man’s urinary health. However, when it enlarges, it can cause serious symptoms such as a weak urine stream, frequent urination, and a feeling of incomplete bladder emptying, especially at night.

Don’t ignore the warning signs: prostate enlargement symptoms

Prostate enlargement symptoms can range from mild to severe, but they can severely impact a man’s quality of life. Here are the most common ones:

  • A slow or weak urine stream
  • Difficulty starting urination
  • A feeling of not fully emptying the bladder
  • Dribbling after urination
  • Frequent nighttime urination
  • Urgency to urinate

If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s crucial to seek medical attention.

What’s behind the enlarged prostate?

The exact cause of prostate enlargement remains unknown, but experts believe it’s due to hormonal changes as men age. As testosterone levels drop and estrogen levels rise, the prostate gland may grow larger. Other risk factors include genetics, a diet high in red meat and dairy, a sedentary lifestyle, lack of exercise, and obesity.

Potency problems

Tackling prostate enlargement: treatment options

If you’re dealing with prostate enlargement, don’t hesitate to speak with your doctor. They can recommend the best course of treatment for you, including:

Medications like alpha-blockers, such as terazosin, doxazosin, and tamsulosin, to relax the muscles in the prostate and improve urine flow. 5-alpha reductase inhibitors like finasteride and dutasteride to shrink the prostate and improve urinary symptoms.
Minimally invasive prostate surgery options, like transurethral microwave therapy (TUMT), transurethral needle ablation (TUNA), and laser therapy.
Natural remedies, such as saw palmetto, beta-sitosterol, and Pygeum africanum, to reduce symptoms.

Herbs that can help with prostate enlargement

Saw palmetto, beta-sitosterol, and Pygeum africanum are common herbs and supplements used to reduce prostate enlargement symptoms. While they can help, they shouldn’t replace conventional medical treatment. Always talk to your doctor before taking any herbs or supplements.

BPH vs. prostate cancer: understanding the differences

It’s crucial to understand that prostate enlargement isn’t the same as prostate cancer. BPH is a benign condition that doesn’t pose a serious threat to health, while prostate cancer is a serious condition that requires prompt medical attention. Symptoms of both conditions can be similar, so if you’re experiencing any symptoms, speak with your doctor for a proper diagnosis. Your doctor may perform a digital rectal exam and a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test to check for prostate cancer.

Take control of your prostate health: conclusion

Don’t let prostate enlargement take control of your life. If you’re experiencing symptoms, seek medical attention and explore your treatment options. From medications to minimally invasive surgery to natural remedies, you can find relief and improve your quality of life. Don’t ignore the warning signs. Take control of your prostate health now.

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